Seminars and Exercises

Seminars and Exercises

SCHEDULE  FOR THE  I-ST  YEAR OF STUDY AT THE DENTISTRY PROGRAM
FACULTY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES IN ZABRZE,
ACADEMIC YEAR 2019/2020

 

Seminars and Exercises

 

 

Classes No. 1

07.10.2019

   

Laboratory: Observational methods in biology

 

  1. Rules and regulations, the organization of classes and lectures.
  2. Scientific activity of Department of Medical and Molecular Biology.
  3. Working with optical microscope:
  • setting proper illumination
  • macroscopic observation, usage of magnifier, applying of oil immersion
  • documentation of observation`s results.

   

Classes No. 2

14.10.2019

 Seminar: Basic of human cytogenetics

Laboratory: Sex chromatin

 

 

  1. Chromatin X and Y.
  2. Formation of X chromatin - the Lyon hypothesis.
  3. Cultivation of peripheral blood lymphocytes – obtaining metaphase chromosomes.
  4. Karyotype, karyogram.
  5. The rules of preparing karyogram.

 

Partial credit

 

Bibliography:

L. B. Jorde, J. C. Carey, M. J. Bamshad: Medical Genetics, 4th Edition. Elsevier 2009. Chapter: 5.76-78, 6.100-101.

   

Classes No. 3

21.10.2019

 

Seminar: Basic of human cytogenetics, part 2

Laboratory: Methods of examining chromosomes

  

1. Metaphase chromosome structure.

2. Classification criteria for human chromosomes.

3. Normal human karyotype.

4. The procedure of cytogenetic examination:

a. collecting the material

b. cell cultivation

c. preparing specimens/making preparations

d. staining chromosomes

e. microscope analysis

5. Obtaining G, C, Q and R bands.

6. Molecular cytogenetics - fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and its application.

 

Note: Students should prepare scissors, colorless adhesive tape.

 

Partial credit

 

Bibliography:

L. B. Jorde, J. C. Carey, M. J. Bamshad: Medical Genetics, 4th Edition. Elsevier 2009. Chapter: 6

   

Classes No. 4

04.11.2019

 

Seminar:  Mechanisms of inheritance and genetic variation

Laboratory: Chromosomal and gene mutations in a model organism

 

  1. Sources and  types of genetic variation.  
  2. The ABO blood group. The Rh system.
  3. Autosomal dominant and recessive inheritance.
  4. Sex-linked model of inheritance.
  5. Mitochondrial inheritance.
  6. Multifactorial inheritance.
  7. Drosophila melanogaster as a model organism in genetics.
  8. Mutants of Drosophila melanogaster.

  

Note:

  1. Students should prepare scissors, colorless adhesive tape.
  2. Prepare presentations of selected diseases caused by chromosomal  aberrations.

 

Partial credit

 

Bibliography:

L. B. Jorde, J. C. Carey, M. J. Bamshad: Medical Genetics, 4th Edition. Elsevier 2009. Chapter: 3, 4, 5, 12.

  

Classes No. 5

12.11.2019

   

Seminar:  Selected issues of ecogenetics

Laboratory:  Tests on monitoring of the environmental pollution   effects

 

  1. Fundamental of ecogenetics: gene–environment interactions.
  2. Pharmacogenetics.
  3. Tests on monitoring of the environmental pollution: Ames test, chromosome aberrations test, sister chromatid exchange test (SCE), micronucleus test.

  

Note: Prepare presentations of selected diseases caused by chromosomal aberrations.

 

Partial credit

 

Bibliography:

L. B. Jorde, J. C. Carey, M. J. Bamshad: Medical Genetics, 4th Edition. Elsevier 2009. Chapter: 11, 12, 14

 

 

 

Classes No. 6

18.11.2019

 

 

Seminar: Parasite - host relationship as a type of two different  organisms interaction

Laboratory: Blood parasites

 

 

Geographic distribution, morphology, life cycle, diagnostics and pathogenicity of:

 

Trypanosoma brucei gambiense

Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense

Trypanosoma cruzi

Plasmodium malariae

Plasmodium vivax

Plasmodium ovale

Plasmodium falciparum

Wuchereria bancrofti

 

Partial credit

 


Bibliography:

Buczek A. (ed.): Parasitology for medical students. Koliber, Lublin 2011.

 

 

 

Classes No. 7

25.11.2019

 

Seminar: Adaptation of parasites to host`s organism

Laboratory: Body fluids and tissues` parasites

 

Geographic distribution, morphology, life cycle, diagnostics and pathogenicity of:

 

Leishmania  donovani

Leishmania  brasiliensis

Leishmania  tropica

Trichomonas vaginalis

Trichomonas  tenax

Toxoplasma  gondii

Schistosoma  haematobium

Trichinella  spiralis

 

Partial credit

 

Bibliography:

Buczek A. (ed.): Parasitology for medical students. Koliber, Lublin 2011.

 

 

Classes No. 8

02.12.2019

 

 

 

Seminar: Parasites transmission in ecosystem

Laboratory: Protozoa – parasites of gastrointestinal tract

 

 

Geographic distribution, morphology, life cycle, diagnostics and pathogenicity of:

 

Giardia intestinalis

Entamoeba histolytica

Cryptosporidium parvum

Balantidium coli

 

Partial credit

 

Bibliography:

Buczek A. (ed.): Parasitology for medical students. Koliber, Lublin 2011.

 

 

Classes No. 9

09.12.2019

 

Seminar: Ecological aspects in parasitic infections- microhabitat and macrohabitat 

Laboratory: Flukes and tapeworms- the parasites of digestive tract

 

Geographic distribution, morphology, life cycle, diagnostics and pathogenicity of:

 

Fasciola hepatica

Taenia solium

Taenia saginata

Diphyllobothrium latum

Echinococcus granulosus

Dipylidium caninum

Hymenolepis nana

 

 

Partial credit

 

Bibliography:

Buczek A. (ed.): Parasitology for medical students. Koliber, Lublin 2011.

 

 

Classes No. 10

16.12.2019

 

Seminar: The influence of biotic and abiotic conditions parasites populations

Laboratory: Nematodes – parasites of digestive tract

 

 

Geographic distribution, morphology, life cycle, diagnostics and pathogenicity of:

 

Ascaris lumbricoides

Toxocara canis

Toxocara cati

Enterobius vermicularis

Trichuris trichiura

Ancylostoma duodenale

Strongyloides stercoralis

 

Partial credit

 

Bibliography:

Buczek A. (ed.): Parasitology for medical students. Koliber, Lublin 2011.

 

 

Classes No. 11

13.01.2020

 

Seminar: The medical importance of arthropods

Laboratory: Ectoparasites – parasitic and allergyinducing arthropods

 

 

Geographic distribution, morphology, life cycle, diagnostics and pathogenicity of:

 

 

Sarcoptes scabiei

Pediculus humanus

Pthirus pubis

Pulex irritans

Cimex lectularius

Demodex folliculorum

Psychodidae- Sandflies

Culicidae- Mosquitos

Glossinidae- Tsetse flies

 

 

Partial credit

 

Bibliography:

Buczek A. (ed.): Parasitology for medical students. Koliber, Lublin 2011.

 

 

 

Classes No. 12

20.01.2020

 

 

 

 

Laboratory: Human genetics: trends and developments

   

The final term for failed laboratories and partial credits.